Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Irritant Diaper Dermatitis Treatment Methods to Help Heal Baby's Skin

Diaper dermatitis is also known as diaper rash. Infants older than three months are sometimes affected by diaper rash. It is a primary irritant dermatitis.

Diaper dermatitis is caused by chronic exposure to urine and feces. Urine and feces irritate the skin. When deciding whether your child is having diaper rash on their skin, examine the groin area carefully. Diaper dermatitis presents as a shiny, erythematous rash. The rash spares the skin folds in the groin area.

Change Diapers Frequently
Diaper rash is treated by changing the child’s diaper frequently and exposing the skin to air. Prolonged dampness encourages the growth of microflora that are found in yeast diaper rash. This is one form of diaper dermatitis. Just as with yeast infections (candida infections) in women, removing damp clothing promptly can help to protect the skin.

Zinc Oxide Helps to Protect the Skin
Petroleum jelly and zinc oxide can be applied to the area to help the skin to heal. There are creams specially developed for treating babies with diaper rash. They also help men and women who have urinary incontinence. These creams often contain zinc oxide in order to help prevent minor skin irritation.

Repairing an Atrial Septal Defect or "Hole in the Heart" in Children

Many parents may wonder when an atrial septal defect should be closed by surgery. The physician involved with the case will use several different factors to decide if your child needs surgery to close an atrial septal defect. Surgery is not usually the first choice, because of the risk associated with anesthesia and other complications that might develop.

If the doctor notices that there is persistence of the atrial septal heart defect beyond 4 years of age, surgical intervention will be necessary. Also, if your child has other heart defects, such as a ventricular septal defect, or valvular anomalies, your physician will also encourage you to choose surgery to treat your child’s condition.

Children with refractory congestive heart failure and a septal heart defect may also be required to have surgery to treat their condition. Adults who have this issue may also require an operation.
If your doctor decides that repairs must be done to the heart in order to reduce symptoms, they generally choose one of the following techniques:

1. They may make an incision in the chest and close the hole using a patch or stitches. This is done under anesthesia and is referred to as open heart surgery.
2. They may insert a thin tube into a blood vessel which leads from the arm or the groin and conduct treatment using this tube. This is known as cardiac catheterization.